Roza Baglanova was born on January 1, 1922 in the Kazalinsky district of the Kyzylorda region. At birth, she received the name Urbibi, but the whole world became known as Roza. This name became legendary during the life of the artist. In honor of the singer, many began to call their daughters the beautiful name Roza. A prime example of this is the National Artist of Kazakhstan, Hero of Labor of Kazakhstan Roza Rymbaeva, who received her name in honor of Roza Tazhibaevna.
Roza Baglanova's love for music was instilled in early childhood. She developed her unique natural talent from an early age and knew that singing would be her true calling. However, the tragic events of the 30s and 40s of the twentieth century did not bypass the singer's family. After the death of her father, young Roza, having shown fortitude of spirit, becomes the sole breadwinner of the family.
When the family was going through taught times, in the 1940s, Roza Baglanova entered the textile institute of the city of Tashkent, where she could combine study and work at the same time. It was the city where the great creative path of Rosa Tazhibaevna began. She was a soloist of the State Women's Ensemble and Dance Ensemble of the Uzbek SSR. As part of this ensemble, 19-year old Roza Baglanova went to the front.
The heyday of the singing career of Roza Baglanova came at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Since 1941 the young singer all the way to the victorious end was at the frontlines, keeping up the fighting spirit of the soldiers. Regardless of the difficulties and the enemy fire, Roza Baglanova passed all the trials with dignity. Her frontline concerts were a huge success. She sang patriotic and folk songs in 20 different languages. Favorite melodies helped the fighters to forget about the cruelty of the war at least for a while.
Roza Baglanova performed on almost all fronts, among them - the troops of the Panfilov division, the fronts of the Central Asian military district, the borders of the Northern and Western fronts, Warsaw military units, etc.
During the fierce fighting, Roza Tazhibaevna supported the Soviet soldiers not only with her creativity, but also she helped the orderlies to bandage and save the wounded soldiers. While performing to the soldiers on the frontlines, she herself was seriously wounded by a shell fragment that hit her eye. But, despite this, the brave singer did not step back.
For her courage, Roza Baglanova became the only artist who was twice awarded the medal "For Military Merit". The fearless Roza was only 70 kilometers away from Berlin. She met the victory in Moscow. "... For five years under bullets, being between life and death, we have been looking forward to this day. Many young soldiers died without returning from the war, many were wounded, having survived all the hardships of the terrible years. This irreparable loss resonated with deep pain in our hearts. But, despite this, the joy of Victory is still the highest award ", - wrote Roza Tazhibaevna in her memoirs.
After the war, Roza Baglanova returned to Kazakhstan. Her return to her homeland was facilitated by the famous figure, poet Zhuban Moldagaliev.
In the post-war years, the singer's career took off. She was dizzying, stunning and truly stellar. Roza Baglanova successfully performed at all-Union competitions and festivals, having won wide and popular recognition in the USSR. And in 1949 she received the Grand Prix of the II International Festival of Youth and Students in Budapest.
In 1947-1949, Roza Tazhibaevna worked at the Kazakh State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater named after Abay, in 1949-1960 - in the Republican Philharmonic named after Zhambyl.
In 1960 Roza Baglanova becomes the leading master of the Qazaqconcert stage. She fruitfully worked in this concert association for more than half a century until the last days of her life. The formation of the Qazaqconcert is closely connected with the creative activity of the singer. In honor of the 100th anniversary of the singer in 2021, the main concert organization of the country - Qazaqconcert was named after Roza Baglanova.
Roza Tazhibaevna made a huge contribution to the development of the musical art of the country with her creativity.
The works performed by Roza Baglanova became real masterpieces. The best Soviet and Kazakh composers wrote songs especially for her, which immediately resonated in the hearts of the audience and became popular. Among them: "Akkogershin", "Menin Kazakhstanym", "Beybitshilik thuy berik kolda", "Temnaya noch", "Zhasasyn Soviet khalqy!", "Akmandaiym", "Zhan kushtarym", "Tugan aidai", "Kaiykta", " Marzhan kyz ", "Zhailau ani", "Mahabbat waltz", "Ainalayyn", "Asyl arman", "Ayaulym, armanymday asylym en" and many other songs.
A special place in the singer's repertoire is occupied by the song "Ah, Samara-Gorodok", which was performed by the famous Soviet artist Lidia Ruslanova. Once, having heard her performed by a Kazakh singer, she said loudly: "Well done, Baglanova!", Recognizing her unique talent. After all, no one could perform this song like Rosa Baglanova: sincerely and uniquely. Later this song became her calling card for many years.
In addition, her repertoire included Kazakh folk songs, works of world opera art, compositions by domestic and foreign composers, as well as folk songs from different countries in Russian, Uzbek, Tajik, Ukrainian, Georgian, Azerbaijani, Kyrgyz, Korean, Polish, Hungarian, Chinese, Mongolian, Indian and other languages.
During her long creative career, Roza Baglanova has traveled to many parts of Kazakhstan, the USSR and the whole world. She actively toured abroad and gave concerts on the world's most prestigious stages. With tours, Roza Tazhibaevna visited over 60 countries. The foreign audience always warmly welcomed her and gave her enthusiastic applause.
Roza Baglanova was one of the first Kazakh singers who gave a concert in the USA.
" In 1957 I gave a concert in America. A banquet was organized in honor of Soviet artists. Seeing me that evening in the Kazakh national costume, about 100 musicians began to play everyone's favorite song " Ah, Samara-Gorodok ". To the accompaniment of the orchestra, I performed this song in Russian, English and French. The intelligentsia of America paid special respect to us", - reminisce Roza Tazhibaevna.
She was personally acquainted with many world statesmen: Queen of Britain Elizabeth, I. Stalin , N. Khrushchev , L. Brezhnev , Kim Il Sung, Mao Zedong, twice visited Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.
For her special contribution to the development of art, at the age of 33 she was awarded the honorary rank " National Artist of the Kazakh SSR ", and at 45, Roza Baglanova became the National Artist of the USSR.
Roza Tazhibaevna received wide and national recognition not only due to her creativity, but also for her active social activities. She was a very brave person. This is evidenced by her civil position in relation to the ecological catastrophe in the Aral Sea, the radioactive contamination of the Semipalatinsk polygon, and the December events.
" I went through the war. But what is happening in the Aral Sea cannot be stopped with a single word. A war can be stopped, an atomic bomb can be stopped, an airplane can be stopped, but it cannot be stopped. We speak here, and there nature does its work. What did our "greatest scientists" do? How can I talk about such scientists that they kill an entire nation in the womb! At another time, we would say that this is sabotage, but what will we say if they are academicians of the USSR, heroes of social labor, laureates twice, thrice? On the Kazakh territory there is: in Semipalatinsk - a test site, in Baikonur - a cosmodrome, in the Aral Sea - poison. How to live Kazakhs? If it were abroad, in America, then, as if they were shouting that they are killing an entire nation ...
I was in those places, it was very hard for me. Children are born and they have no eyes, no palate, no hair on their heads, no arms, no legs. What does it mean? Who should be asked? Who needs to speak? What level of authority do you need to reach to hear the pain, grief, tragedy of an entire nation? ", - Roza Tazhibaevna told the whole truth on behalf of the people in 1988 at a session of the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR.
It follows from this that in addition to a brilliant life on stage, Roza Baglanova had an equally bright role as a public and political figure.
"My people! Thank you very much for being so kind. I bow before you. As long as my heart is beating in my chest, I will not stop serving you", - she said. Roza Baglanova is rightfully called the outstanding singer of the 20th century and the national treasure of the Kazakh people. Her name is inscribed in golden letters in the history of Kazakh culture.
For special services to the Fatherland, Roza Baglanova was awarded the highest title of " Halyk kaharmany ". In the history of Kazakhstan, she became the only singer who received this high award.
Kazakhstan treat the memory of the great singer with special respect. About the life and work of Roza Tazhibaevna, documentaries "The First Roza " (1989) and " Ah, Samara-Gorodok " (2006) were published. In her native land, in the Kazalinsky district, a house of culture named after Roza Baglanova was opened and in 2015 her sculptural bust was erected. The republican competition of vocalists " Akmandaiym " is held annually.
In 2021, the President of the country, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, instructed to take measures to perpetuate the memory of Roza Baglanova. As part of this instruction, the 100th anniversary of the legendary singer is included in the UNESCO International Calendar of Commemorative Dates 2022-2023. In 2021, the main concert organization of the country – Qazaqconcert was named after Roza Baglanova. In 2022, a monument in honor of the singer was solemnly opened in the very center of Kyzylorda. Today, her name is also given to the streets in the cities of Nur-Sultan, Almaty and in the village of Aiteke bi, Kazalinsky district.
In addition, in honor of the 100th anniversary of the singer, the National Bank will issue collection coins " Roza Baglanova 100 years ".
More recently, the biographical television series Bulbul was presented on the Khabar TV channel, which revealed to the audience in sufficient detail the main milestones in the life of the great singer. The main role in this picture was played by the actress of the Astana Musical Theater Zarina Zhakenova. As part of the singer's anniversary, other events are planned for a wide audience.
Roza Tazhibaevna Baglanova earned special respect and love of the people thanks to her boundless devotion to her Motherland, her unique talent and excellent performing skills. The people's favorite left behind a rich creative heritage that will forever remain in the memory of the people.
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